Occupations from Yesteryear
The following is a list found in the city of Milwaukee Census in the year 1860. This list was sent in by Vicki K. Following this list is a list of early occupations with definitions. JOBS FOUND 1860 CENSUS baker bank clerk barkeeper blacksmith bookbinder bookkeeper brakeman rr brewer butcher cabinet maker carpenter carpenter apprentice carriage maker cattle dealer cigarmaker clergyman - Meth. Clergyman - Pres. Clergyman - Luther. clerk cooker cookou alesech ? dairy boy dairy woman dairyman day laborer dressmaker druggust dyer eggs butter dealer farmer flour packer foreman to Singari ? framester furner furniture store gamesmaker ? gardener gola pen maker grocer hat trimmer hod carrier jeweller justice of the peace law student lawyer leather dealer liquor dealer liquor manufacturer locksmith machinist mason miller millwright merchant moulder musician optician painter paper carrier pathographist pedlar (peddler) printer physician pianomaker plasterer policeman portait painter porter produce dealer ropemaker saloon keeper sash door and blind factory seamstress servant ships carpenter shoemaker shinglemaker shooting gallery stone cutter storekeeper tailor tailoress teacher teamster upholsterer vegetable dealer wagon maker waiter in hotel washerwoman watchmaker watchman well digger CONVENT Novicesic Convent Mother SuperiorOCCUPATIONS OF YESTERYEAR, WITH DEFINITIONS.
Accomptant - Accountant Almoner - Giver of charity to the needy Amanuensis - Secretary or Stenographer Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repairs Bailie - Bailiff Baxter - Baker Bluestocking - Female Writer Boniface - Keeper of an inn Brazier - One who works with brass Brewster - Beer manufacturer Brightsmith - Metal Worker Burgonmaster - Mayor Caulker - One who filled up cracks Chaisemaker - Carriage maker Chandler - Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of graceries Chiffonnier - Wig maker Clark - clerk Clergyman - cleric Clicker - The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked Cohen - Priest Collier - Coal Miner Colporteur - Peddler of books Cooper - One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc. Cordwainer - Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba, Spain Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables Crocker - Potter Crowner - Coroner Currier - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease Docker - Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo Dowser - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick Draper - A dealer in dry goods Drayman - One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads Dresser - A surgeon's assistant in a hospital Drover - One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle Duffer - Peddler Factor -Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate Farrier - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses Faulkner, Falconer, Fell Monger - One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making Fletcher - One who makes bows and arrows Fuller - One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth Gaoler - A keep of the goal, a jailer Glazier - Window glassman Hacker - Maker of hoes Hatcheler - One who combed out or carded flax Haymonger - Dealer in hay Hayward - Keeper of fences Higgler - Itinerant peddler Hillier - Roof tiler Hind - a farm laborer Holster - Reaper Hooper - One who made hoops for casks and barrels Huckster - Sells small wares Husbandman - A farmer who cultivated the land Jagger - Fish peddler Journeyman - One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day Joyner/Joiner - A skilled carpenter Keeler - Bargeman Kempster - Wool comber Lardner - Keeper of the cupboard Lavender - Washer woman Lederer - Leather maker Leech - Physician Longshoreman - Stevedore Lormer - Maker of horsegear Malender - Farmer Maltster - Brewer Manciple - a steward Mason - Bricklayer Mintmaster - One who issued local currency Monger - Seller of goods (ale, fish) Muleskinner - Teamster Neatherder - Herd cows Ordinary Keeper - Innkeeper with fixed prices Pattern Maker - A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog with a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end Peregrinator - Itinerant wanderer Peruker - a wig maker Pettifogger - a shyster lawyer Pigman - Crockery dealer Plumber - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows Porter - Door keeper Puddler - Wrought iron worker Quarrier - Quarry worker Rigger - Hoist tackle worker Ripper - Seller of fish Roper - Maker of rope or nets Saddler - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses Sawbones - Physician Sawyer - One who saws; carpenter Schumacker - Shoemaker Scribler - a minor or worthless author Scrivener - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public Scrutiner - Election judge Shrieve - Sheriff Slater - Roofer Slopseller - Seller of ready - made clothes in a slop shop Snobscat/Snob - One who repaired shoes Sorter - Tailor Spinster - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman Spurrer - Maker of spurs Squire - Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace Stuff gown - Junior barrister Supercargo - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship Tanner - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather Tapley - One who puts the tap in an ale cask Tasker - Reaper Teamster - One who drives a team for hauling Thatcher - Roofer Tide Waiter - Customs inspector Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman Tipstaff - Policeman Travers - Toll bridge collection Tucker - Cleaner of cloth goods Turner - a person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles Victualer - A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food Vulcan - Blacksmith Wagoner - Teamster not for hire Wainwright - Wagon maker Waiter - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in Waterman - Boatman who plies for hire Webster - Operator of looms Wharfinger - Owner of a wharf Wheelwright - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc. Whitesmith - Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work Whitewing - Street sweeper Whitster - Bleach of cloth Wright Workman - a construction worker Yeoman - Farmer who owns his own land