GAR Wolcott Post
Civil War Military History
E.B. Wolcott Post, No. 1
Department of Wisconsin, Grand Army of the Republic
On January 14th, 1880, there was organized in the City of Milwaukee, in Boynton's Hall (the old First Presbyterian Church), E. B. Wolcott Post No. 1, Department of Wisconsin, G.A.R.
It was named for one of Wisconsin's most honored citizens, E.B. Wolcott, a gentelman who had always taken great interest in the soldiers of the late war, and to whom much is due for the location, at Milwaukee, of the National Soldier's Home for Disabled Veterans. He was born at Benton, Yates Co., N.Y., on October 18th, 1804. He took his diploma in medicine and received a degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Western New York, in 1833; was appointed an army surgeon January 1st, 1836. He resigned and established himself in regular practice in Milwaukee in 1839, and accepted many positions of trust, always during his whole duty. He was Surgeon General of Wisconsin during the war of the rebellion. He was a distinguished physician, a true friend and a good citizen. He died at Milwaukee, January 5th, 1889, universally mourned.
The Post was mustered by the then Department Commander Griff. J. Thomas, assisted by comrades from Robert Chivas and Veteran Posts.
The charter members are: W.L. Pavey A.B. F. Way S.F. Hammond Frank W. Harwood Florian J. Ries W.E. Coates J.P. Rundle O.L. Rosenkrans Henry A. Valentin Henry G. Rogers Henry C. Koch C.P. Huntington Edward Ferguson I.M. Bean Garth W. James Charles H. Boynton
The number 1 was given by the Department Commander, the original Post No. 1, at Madison, being at the time dormant.
Nearly all the charter members had been connected with Posts in Milwaukee which had previously surrendered their charters. The interest manifested at the organization of the new Post gave promise however, that it was not intended to follow the course of its predecessors.
The old Knights of Pythias' Hall on Wisconsin Street was the Post's first regular quarters. The Post held its first meeting in the hall over No. 1 Grand Ave on December 20th, 1992. the organization continued to grow, and soon these quarters became too small for the large and increasing membership, and early in 1886, the Post removed to quarters in the Light Horse Squadron Armory building, where it remained nearly five years. On October 10th, 1890, the Post left the quarters in the armory, and preceded by its drum corps, marched to the handsome Post rooms in the Academy of Music building, where it is located at this time, and which are models of neatness and tasteful adornment.
Our membership represents service in organizations from twenty-one states, four of which are southern-West Virginia, Kentucky, Florida, and Missouri.
The 24th Regiment Wisconsin Vol. Inf'ty has the largest representation, there being thirty-nine of its members in the Post. Two hundred and fifty of the total membership are natives of the United States, and eighty-two are of foreign birth.
Some members are still suffering from open wounds received in battle, and are constantly under the surgeon's care on account thereof.
There were very few battles fought on land or sea, during the late war that cannot be described by participants now members of Wolcott Post.
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...6th Michigan Heavy Artillery, and served until August 20th, 1865.
The next youngest member-Bernard McNaney, was born March 2d, 1850, enlisted as private February 5th, 1863, and carried a musket until his discharge, Aug. 6th, 1865.
The oldest member in the past is comrade M.P. Hanson, born at Buxton, Maine, June 11th, 1812, entered the service as Assistant Surgeon of the 2nd Wis Vol. Cavalry, Sept. 10th, 1861, served until Dec. 20th, 1895, and mustered out as Surgeon.
The next oldest member is Harrison C. Hobart, who was born in Ashburnham, Massachusetts, Jan. 31st 1815, enlisted April 23rd, 1861, and after promotions in the 21st Wis Vol Inf'ty was mustered out July 22nd, 1865, as Colonel and Brevet Brigadier General.
The different branches of service represented are: Volunteer Infantry, two-hundred and fifty eight Volunteer Calvary, twenty-four Volunteer Artillery, Thirty-six Fremont Guards, One U.S. Regular Cavalry, two U.S. Regular Infantry, six U.S. Colored Troops, Two U.S. Regular Artillery, one U.S. Sharp Shooters, One Navy, over ten Veteran Reserve Corps, four
The largest number of wounds received by any one member of Wolcott Post is seven. They were received by Henry G. Rogers; one each at Perryville and Stone River, and five at Chicamauga.
Quite a number received two or more wounds, and had the distribution been more equal, it is safe to say that ther were wounds enough received by members of this Post to record one would to each of over half its members.
The full number of arms and legs is not left to all the members of the Post. Many were left on the battle field.
Many of the members were prisoners of war. Comrade Hobart was one of those confined in Libby prison, and tunneled his way under the prison walls and escaped to Union lines.
Comrade W.A. Collins was made a prisoner of war, and confined in Libby, Danville, Charlotte, Macon, Savannah, Charleston and Colombia prisons. He escaped from the latter, was recaptured with the aid of blood hounds and returned to prison. He then made a second escape and succeeded in reaching the Union lines.
Comrade Schemmerhorn participated in forty-four battles, commencing with Big Bethel, Va., June 20th, 1861. He was wounded twice.
There are quite a number in the Post who enlisted the very day the President's first call for troops was published, April 15th 1861. There are othrs who were in the regular army at the time. Some continued to serve for a long time after the war.
The Post has steadily gained in membership, there being a net gain every year since its organization. The smallest gain, three, was in 1881; the largest gain, eighty-five, in 1889.
The largest number of deaths in any one year, five, was in 1890.
For five years during the Post's existence death made no demands on it.
Nearly every regiment or batterly leaving the state, is represented amongst its membership.
The total number of regiments and batteries represented in the Post, three hundred and forty-five, also many ships of the navy.
Th average age of the members of E.B. Wolcott Post is a little less than fifty-one and one-half years each, while the average time each served in the army or navy during the war against rebellion is two years two months and eleven days.
The record wounded in battle and prisoners of war is incomplete as many of the comrades failed to report this portion of their person history.
The following states are represented by regiments or batteries: California, two Connecticut, four Colorado, one Florida, one Illinois, twenty-three Indiana, four Iowa, one Kentucky, three Maine, one Massachusetts, six Minnesota, One Michigan, six Missouri, Two New Jersey, One New York, thirty-five Ohio, Eleven Pennsylvania, Eight Rhode Island, three Vermont, five West Virginia, one Wisconsin, fifty-eight A classification of nationalities by state and countries, gives the following result: Americans Connecticut 7 Georgia 1 Illinois 8 Indiana 1 Iowa 1 Maryland 1 Maine 7 Massachusettes 17 Missouri 1 Michigan 5 New Hampshire 5 New Jersey 5 New York 92 Ohio 27 Pennsylvania 15 Rhode Island 4 Vermont 9 Wisconsin 43 Total, American birth, 250 Foreign Belgium 1 Canada 10 Denmark 1 England 12 Germany 33 Holland 2 Ireland 9 Mexico 1 Norway 3 Poland 1 Scotland 5 Sweden 2 Wales 2 Total Foreign Birth 82 Total Membership 332 American birth 75 1/3 per cent Foreign birth 24 2/3 per cent Officers for 1880 Edward Ferguson Commander C.P. Huntington S.V. Commander F.J. Ries J.V. Commander J. Lytton Flynn Surgeon W.E. Coates Chaplain J.P. Rundle Quartermaster W.L. Pavey Officer of the Day A.B.F. Way Officer of the Guard F.W. Harwood Adjutant Trustees H.A. Valentin W.C. Swain Henry Fink Officers for 1881 Byron H. Kilbourn Commander J.H. Fertig S.V. Commander A.C. Ray J.V. Commander J. Lytton Flynn Surgeon W.E. Coates Chaplain J.P. Rundle Quartermaster A.B.F. Way Officer of the Day Harry A. Valentin Officer of the Guard F.W. Harwood Adjutant Trustees W.C. Swain Henry Fink H.A. Valentin Officers for 1882 J.A. Waltrous Commander J.H. Fertig S.V. Commander A.B.F. Way J.V. Commander M.P. Hanson Surgeon J.G. White Chaplain W.E. Coates Quartermaster J.P. Rundle Officer of the Day W.J. Denny Officer of the Guard Alex. C. Ray Adjutant Trustees: Henry Fink H.A. Valentin O.L. Rosenkrans Officers for 1883: E.A. Calkins Commander C.H. Ross S.V. Commander S.B. Boynton J.V. Commander J. Lytton Flynn Surgeon J.W. Sanderson Chaplain W.E. Coats Quartermaster H.A. Valentin Officer of the Day W. J. Denny Officer of the Guard A.B.F. Way Adjutant W.L. Pavey Q.M. Sergeant A.H. Sallou Sergeant Major Trustees: H.A. Valentin O.L. Rosenkrans I.G. Mann Officers for 1884 C.H. Ross Commander S.B. Boynton S.V. Commander W.H. Richardson J.V. Commander A.J. hare Surgeon J.W. Sanderson Chaplain W.E. Coats Quartermaster Geo. T. Eddy Officer of the Day D.B. Davis Officer of the Guard A.B.F. Way Adjutant E.R. Stillman Sergent Major Trustees I.M Bean I.G. Mann Geo. I. Robinson Officers for 1885 C.H. Ross Commander C.H. Anson S.V. Commander Thos. S. Gray J.V. Commander O.W. Carlson Surgeon Judson Titsworth Chaplain A.B.F. Way Quartermaster Robert Montieth Officer of the Day S.R. Bell Officer of the Guard E.R. Stillman Adjutant J.H. Fertig Q.M. Sergeant C.C. Leister Sergent Major Trustees: I.G. Mann Geo. I. Robinson A.G. Weissert Officers for 1886: C.H. Ross Commander C.H. Anson S.V. Commander J.B. Johnson J.V. Commander O.W. Carlson Surgeon A.A. Hoskins Chaplain A.B.F. Way Quartermaster Geo. H. Chase Officer of the Day E. N. Bacon Officer of the Guard Robert Montieth Adjutant J.H. Fertig Q.M. Sergeant S.H. Tallmadge Sergeant Major Trustees: Geo I. Robinson A.G. Weissert S.R. Bell Officers for 1887: C.H. Anson Commander J.B. Johnson S.V. Commander Geo. H. Chase J.V. Commander J.N. Regan Surgeon Judson Titsworth Chaplain A.B.F. Way Quartermaster E.R. Stillman Officer of the Day J.H. Fish Officer of the Guard Robert Montieth Adjutant J.H. Fertig Q.M. Sergeant S.H. Tallmadge Sergeant Major Trustees: A.G. Weissert S.R. Bell E.N. Bacon Officers for 1888 J.B. Johnson Commander Geo. H. Chalse S.V. Commander W.H. Simpson J.V. Commander W.C. Raymond Surgeon F.L. Wharton Chaplain A.B.F. Way Quartermaster F. Brandecker Officer of the day R. Parks Officer of the Guard S.H. Tallmadge Adjutant Edgar Bigsby Q.M. Sergeant C.A. Loveland Sergeant Major Trustees W.C. Swain E.N. Bacon A.G. Weissert Officers for 1889 Geo. H. Chase Commander Ellicott R. Stillman S.V. Commander John B. Vliet J.V. Commander H.P. Merville Surgeon F.L. Wharton Chaplain A.B.F. Way Quartermaster J.E. Pennefather Officer of the Day James M. Brett Officer of the Guard S.H. Tallmadge Adjutant Edgar Bigsby Q.M. Sergeant Albert de Leur Sergeant Major Trustees: E.N. Bacon Geo. H. Wolcott W.C. Swain Officers for 1890 Ellicott R. Stillman Commander John B. Vliet S.V. Commander O.W. Carlson J.V. Commander S.L. Fuller Surgeon M.P. Hanson Chaplain A.B.F. Way Quartermaster James M. Brett Officer of the Day Jos. A. Collins Officer of the Guard S.H. Tallmadge Adjutant E.N. Bacon Q.M. Sergeant Albert de Leur Sergeant Major Trustees: Geo. H. Wolcott W.C. Swain A.L. Worden Officers of 1891: Geo L. Robinson Commander O.L. Carlson S.V. Commander Geo. H. Wolcott J.V. Commander B. Bantley Surgeon S.R. Bell Chaplain J.H. Fertig Quartermaster James M. Brett Officers of the Day W.H. Cheney Officer of the Guard S.H. Tallmadge Adjutant Richard Parks Q.M. Sergeant Edward Bloodgood Sergeant Major Trustees: W.C. Swain A.G. Weissert Geo Lund Officers for 1892 Oscar W. Carlson Commander 124 Twentieth St. George L. Thomas S.V. Commander 470 Milwaukee St. James M. Brett J.V. Commander 181 Fourth St. Bartholomew Bantley Surgeon 388 Van Buren St. Samuel R. Bell Chaplain 101 Nineteenth St. John H. Fertig Quartermaster 253 Twentieth St. Samuel H. Tallmadge Adjutant 69 Thirty-third St. Wm. H. Cheney Officer of the Day 409 Van Buren St. Erastus R. Winter Officer of the Guard 485 Washington St. Charles A. Menges Sergeant-Major 815 Buffam St. John Travis Quartermaster Sergeant 2023 State St, Edward Ferguson Historical Committee J.A. Watrous Historical Committee O.W. Carlson Historical Committee A.G. Weissert Chairman, Trustees George Lund Trustee William J. Denny Trustee